18th century Aubusson tapestry

18th century Aubusson tapestry
Circa 1720
A very large French Aubusson tapestry made of wool and silk depicting possibly a landowner and a slave girl. The highly unusual scene is undoubtedly set on one of the Caribbean islands, and the landowner is teaching the slave girl how to graft a plant onto another plant.

The foliage resembles coco trees and other West Indian plants, and in the distance to the right of the tapestry one can see small dwellings.

We have been able to locate another exactly the same which hangs in the Chateau de Vallon (Hotel de Ville), in Vallon Pont D'Arc, France. Entitled 'La leçon de greffage' and can be viewed on their website www.patrimoine-ardeche.com/visites/vallon.htm

Literature
The Aubusson tapestry manufacture of the 17th and 18th centuries managed to compete with the royal manufacture of Gobelins tapestry and the privileged position of Beauvais tapestry. Tapestry manufacture at Aubusson, in the upper valley of the Creuse in central France, may have developed from looms in isolated family workshops established by Flemings that are noted in documents from the 16th century.
Typically, Aubusson tapestries depended on engravings as a design source or the full-scale cartoons from which the low-warp tapestry-weavers worked. As with Flemish and Parisian tapestries of the same time, figures were set against a conventional background of verdure, stylized foliage and vignettes of plants on which birds perch and from which issue glimpses of towers and towns.
The town of Felletin is identified as the source from which came the Aubusson tapestries in the inventory of Charlotte of Albret, Duchess of Valentinois and widow of Cesare Borgia (1514).

Condition
Good. Slight wear as would be expected.

W
244.00  cm
96.1  inches
H
244.00  cm
96.1  inches
Origin
France
Medium
Fabric, wool, silk, tapestry
Reference
80137
POA

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